A Review of Birth Control Pills

There are different types of birth control pills in the market. They are also known as oral contraceptives. Females who are sexually active are advised to use birth control pills to prevent pregnancy. They have scientifically been proven to be effective in controlling birth. This article is going to help you in understanding their side effects and how these pills work. The main types of oral contraceptives include the following:

Combination Pills

These pills contain human-made (artificial) forms of progestin and estrogen hormones. Most of the active pills used in birth control are contain hormones. They are taken during the entire pecombination pillsriod of the birth control cycle. The inactive ones don’t contain hormones, and they are taken at the end of the birth control cycle. The following are the main types of these pills:
Extended–cycle pills-They have a 13-week cycle. These pills are taken for 12 weeks. Inactive pills are taken on the last seven days of the cycle. Women can have their periods after taking the inactive pills. This means that they receive their period for about three times annually.
Monophasic pills– these pills have a 4-weeks cycle. Inactive pills are taken at the fourth week of the cycle. Women can have their period after the fourth week.
Multiphasic pills-These contraceptives have a four-week cycle. Women take the inactive pills at the fourth week to have their period. Examples of combination pills include:s

  • Levora
  • Beyaz
  • Azurette
  • Ortho-Novum
  • Enpresse
  • Yaz
  • Seasonique
  • Yasmin

Progestin-Only Pills

These drugs only contain progestin hormone- have no oestrogen. They are also known as mini-pills. They are perfect for those women who don’t take oestrogen for various reasons. All the pills taken during the entire cycle are active. This means that a woman can either have or lack period when using these pills. They include the following:

  • Nor-QD
  • Jencycla
  • Heather
  • Camila
  • Errin
    Ortho Micronor

Factors to Consider When Selecting Oral Contraceptive

These pills work differently in different people. Some of them are not good for some women. It is therefore advisable to consult a doctor to know the best option for you. Some of the guiding factors that you need to consider include:

  • Other forms of medications that you might be taking
  • Your cardiovascular health
  • Your menstrual symptoms
  • Your current health condition
  • Are you breastfeeding?

Other Benefits of Birth Control Pills

Apart from preventing birth, these pills can be taken to protect women against:acne

  • Severe menstrual cramps
  • Anemia
  • Thinning bones
  • Acne
  • Ectopic pregnancy
  • Non-cancerous breast growths
  • Ovarian and endometrial cancer
  • Heavy periods

Risk Side Effects Associated With Oral Contraceptives

These drugs are safe for use, but they come with specific side effects. Some of the common side effects include:

  • Breast tenderness
  • Nausea
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Bleeding between periods